General Insect Control in Dubai
Pest management means the reduction of pest populations to tolerable numbers by changing practices, making habitat or structural alterations, and carefully using pesticides to kill pests only when indicated. Many variations and combinations of methods are used to control pests, but the sequence of these methods follows a pattern: inspection, habitat alteration, pesticide application, and follow-up
Pests do not infest uniformly—they focus on specific areas. These pest-preferred sites must be understood and located. Training and experience in conducting inspections are important for successful location of infested areas.
Infested areas provide harborage, (i.e., a place that provides an organism’s food, water, and shelter requirements) for pests, so changing or eliminating some of these favorable elements will make survival less successful. Such changes commonly include increased sanitation, moisture reduction, and the elimination of clutter.
Though successful habitat alteration can reduce or eliminate populations, it will often be less than complete and pesticide application may be necessary. The key to pest control is the successful combination of these methods.
Some pest management programs do not include more than the minimum follow-up, such as legally mandated record keeping. However, follow-up practices such as detailed record keeping, supervisor oversight, and a quality control program can make the difference between the success or failure of a pest management program.
Approaches to Insect Pest Control in Dubai
There are four approaches to current structural pest management activities: prevention, reaction, extermination, and integrated pest management. Pest management firms may utilize one, a few, or all of these methods depending on company resources and the types of pest management problems encountered.
Preventive Pest Control
In preventive pest control, a technician follows a preestablished schedule or route to:
■ Make expected appearances.
■ Make inspections
■ Apply appropriate controls.
■ Talk with the tenant or manager.
■ Record information required by law.
Though the inspection can indicate where pests occur, with this approach, pesticides are usually applied regardless of whether pests are observed or not. Those who practice this approach are satisfied that pests will be killed as they contact the pesticide residue.
• Contracts can be fulfilled routinely.
• Work can be set up easily.
• The technician can proceed as rapidly as possible.
• Occupants are satisfied if pests do not appear.
• It is the most economical short-term approach.
• Time alone governs the schedule.
• Inspections are brief.
• Boredom from repetition can affect the technician.
• Pesticides may be used regardless of whether there is an infestation.
• There is no evaluation.
• Records are brief.
• Long-term solutions are not provided.
Reactive Pest Control
In reactive pest control, a technician responds to special, unscheduled calls and:
■ Talks with clients.
■ Makes an inspection.
■ Identifies infested sites.
■ Applies pesticides to pests or sites.
■ Records necessary information required by law.
• Response is relatively quick.
• The occupant is satisfied by the fast response and immediate pest suppression.
• The interaction with technicians is positive.
• Minor recommendations by the technician to clients are often accepted because the client requested them. Such recommendations make pest control more effective.
• Situations are more interesting for technicians, and boredom is reduced.
• Clients often mistakenly assume complete extermination.
• Clients are quick to anger if the problem recurs.
• Without a detailed inspection, failure is likely.
• Pesticides are often used as barriers if pests are not found.
• This approach is less economical than scheduled, route-type responses.
• Records are brief.
Pest Elimination or Pest Extermination
A senior technician, usually a supervisor, responds to an appointment, and:
■ Interacts with clients.
■ Makes an intensive inspection.
■ Recommends methods to reduce pest food, water, and harborage, such as sanitation, maintenance improvements, habitat alteration, etc.
■ Applies pesticides in a variety of formulations each time.
■ Makes follow-up inspections.
■ Records information on past inspection and recommendations as well as information required by law.
• Significant interaction with the pest control supervisor gives the client a good understanding of the problem and the changes needed for control.
• The pest control supervisor interacts directly with clients.
• Longer-lasting control results from changes made by the client.
• Thorough pesticide application occurs.
• There is a high level of interest by technicians.
• Mistakes in inspection and recommendations to clients or subsequent lack of follow-through by clients will result in control failure.
• A maximum amount of pesticides is usually used; chances of potential misuse, misapplication, and pesticide accidents are increased.
• High pesticide and labor costs are sustained.
• Unexpected results are quickly noticed and questioned.
• The energy required to completely eliminate a pest population is much greater than that required to keep a pest population suppressed to a tolerable level.
Integrated Pest Management
Commercial applicators are required. After a pest management technician makes a thorough inspection, an integrated pest management program is developed that includes a detailed plan and schedule. Elements of the detailed plan and schedule are:
■ The designation of zones of probable infestation and sites of pest infestation within the zones.
■ Recommendations for sanitation, maintenance improvements, habitat alteration, reduction of moisture, work procedure changes, safe practices, methods of application.
• Long-term pest control procedures are used.
• Client management is involved.
• Costs are reduced over time.
• A reduction of pesticide use (e.g., elimination of preventive spraying) is attained. • A low-toxicity pesticide response is possible.
• Not every company or agency has the expertise to provide pest management programs.
• There is a labor-intensive start-up period.
• Costs are higher than “low bid.”